There are a lot of people in this country who are in need of a significant change in their life if they want to improve their health and body composition. Many of those people will decide that they want to do something about it but have very little success because they go about it with the wrong goal setting strategies. For example, someone who needs to lose 50+ pounds of fat will simply make their goal to lose 50 pounds and that sets them up for failure because of the fact that it will take so long to fully achieve. Instead, set a more specific and achievable mini-goal every 2 weeks. That way, you will always have something short-term to strive for which will keep you on track to achieving your long-term goals (such as losing 50 pounds) in the future.
When setting a two week long mini-goal, you have to always be thinking about what is the most important thing to achieve or reach for at that very moment. The first few 2 week mini-goals you make should be very basic things that are based around the two most important parts of starting any fitness program: Nutrition and consistency. These could be anything from getting in the habit of tracking your calories to making sure you go to the gym at least 2 or 3 times per week to just simply eating more fruits and vegetables and less processed foods. Once those have all gotten to a point where you don’t even have to think about them anymore, you are ready for more advanced 2 week mini-goals.
More advanced goals always have a very specific area of focus in them. If strength training is your main focus, these could be goals such as increasing the amount of weight or reps you can lift in a specific exercise or working on exercises that were too advanced or too hard for you in the past. If your goals are more on the cardiovascular endurance side, goals such as increasing the amount of miles you run each week or decreasing your average mile pace over a certain distance are great goals to work on.
In conclusion, don’t make a long-term goal without making shorter term goals to keep you on track and focused and always start out with very basic goals. Don't move up to more advanced goals until you have gotten to a point where the basic nutrition and consistency goals have become habits.